A Century-Old Practical Joke That Stirred Art World

 Fountain, 1917

Fountain, 1917

Fountain, the symbol of conceptual art revolution turns 100 this year, museums worldwide celebrate the best way they know - with some free art. 

The art world has been challenged and disrupted throughout the history, but if standing in the contemporary museum you can’t help but wonder when did the U-turn happen, mark it - it’s the spring of 1917. When Marcel Duchamp, the father of conceptual art, purchased a ‘readymade’ urinal, turned it upside down, and signed with a fictitious name ‘R. Mutt’, the course of art has been changed. 

 Poster after Self-Portrait in Profile, 1959

Poster after Self-Portrait in Profile, 1959

Duchamp challenged viewers with the assertion that an idea can be as significant as an artist’s craftwork itself, expanding the notions of what’s ugly and beautiful in art. Fountain was not about an object, but about the statement, a spectacle that agitated and upset people, raising a number of questions about the nature of art. 

Last Sunday, some institutions of modern and contemporary art around the world have scheduled a free entry from 3 to 4 p.m. with the password “Richard Mutt”, including Centre Pompidou in Paris, Tate Modern in London, The National Museum of Modern Art in Kyoto and many more. 

 Bicycle Wheel, 1913

Bicycle Wheel, 1913

By Judith Benhamou-Huet

Read More on www.judithbenhamouhuet.com

泉源,概念艺术革命的标志,今年迎来100百岁生日。世界各地的博物馆以它们所知最佳的方式进行庆祝 - 自由艺术。

有史以来,艺术世界不停地受到挑战和干扰,但如果你站在当代博物馆里,你会忍不住好奇这个U型转弯是什么时候发生的。记住吧,那是在1917年的春天。当概念艺术之父 Marcel Duchamp 购买了一个 "即用" 男士便器,将它倒置过来,并签上化名 "R. Mutt" 时,艺术的历程发生了改变。

 La Mariée, 1934

La Mariée, 1934

Duchamp 挑战观众的认知,其观点是一个点子可以和一位艺术家的作品本身一样出彩,扩大了艺术中什么是美和丑的观念。泉源不关注物品本身,而是关注其宣言,激怒并使人们不安,引发对艺术本质的一些疑问。

上个星期日,世界上的一些现代及当代艺术机构,包括位于巴黎的 Pompidou 中心,伦敦的 Tate Modern,京都的现代艺术国立博物馆等,在下午3点到4点安排了免费参观时间,观众只需说出密码 Richard Mutt 便可进入。

 L.H.O.O.Q. 1919

L.H.O.O.Q. 1919

The Maker